As an athlete, you know that sugar is needed for energy. Yet this substance could cause your performance to deteriorate, hinder repair of tissue and could potentially lead to numerous diseases. So when does this friend turn into foe?
All carbohydrates are made up of molecules of sugar or saccharides. The two most familiar single sugars (monosaccharides) are glucose and fructose. [...]
Every sport has its own list of most common injuries from strains, tears, dislocations, fractures and overuse. The common first-aid protocol of rest, ice, compression and elevation with the use of anti-inflammatory medication is the usual approach to an injury. The nutritional protocol frequently calls for a reduction in caloric intake, especially if the athlete is unable to train. Yet [...]
We’ve all heard of overtraining, also known as overtraining syndrome (OTS), staleness, chronic fatigue in athletes, sports fatigue syndrome and burnout (Budgett et al. 2000, Lakier Smith 2003).
OTS should not be confused with over-reaching which reflects a temporary deterioration in athletic performance or short-term fatigue (Urhausen & Kindermann 2002). With sufficient rest, the over-reached athlete should recover and show improvement [...]
The female athlete triad refers to the interrelated problems of disordered eating, amenorrhoea and osteoporosis as determined by the Task Force of the American College of Sports Medicine in 1992.
Those at risk of developing the triad are adolescents, women under stress and athletes (Talbott 1996, Otis & Goldingay 2000). In the athletic world, young female athletes appear to be most [...]
Approximately 60% of adult bone mass is gained during the adolescent years, with the most rapid bone accretion occurring during late childhood and the pubertal growth spurts1, 2. Peak bone mass (PBM), which is to a great extent genetically determined – although hormonal factors and the age of onset of puberty are important determinants – occurs at the conclusion of [...]